Claudia’s granddaughter Arianna, 9, has continually asked her grandparents for a dog as a birthday or Christmas present. Even though Arianna has aspirations of being a veterinarian and is great with animals, Claudia (who asked that her last name not be used) knew that a 9-year-old wasn’t ready to take on full responsibility of owning a dog. After owning dogs almost all her life and recently retiring, though, Claudia was ready to get another dog for herself and for her extended family, which included three other grandchildren.
“Knowing that I would be the primary caregiver, it had to be a dog I would bond with,” says Claudia of Napa, Calif. “I started looking on the Internet and saw this Terrier named Frankie. Having had a Terrier when I was younger, I knew by taking one look at his photo that he was the one. My intuition is so strong; I just knew it was right.”
So with a leap of blind faith, Claudia set her sights on adopting Frankie without ever having met him. She saw Frankie’s photo on a Saturday about four months ago and started the process. She quickly applied to adopt the Terrier, contacted the woman fostering Frankie and heard back from Scooter’s Pals Dog Rescue all within about 24 hours. By that Thursday, the group went to Napa for a home visit, and Frankie had found a new family. But between initially seeing Frankie’s photo and the home visit, Claudia learned of Frankie’s storied history.
“When I first saw his photo, I had no idea he was such a special dog,” Claudia continues.
Special indeed. On September 18, 2012, campers in Northern California heard an animal crying somewhere in the woods. They vowed not to leave until they found this obviously hurting animal. What they found was Frankie, tied to a tree and badly injured. Upon further examination, it appeared Frankie had been shot in the face. The campers immediately took Frankie to a veterinarian who examined him, but advised that Frankie be referred to the William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis.
Upon the dog’s arrival at UC Davis, veterinarians ran several tests on Frankie. It was determined that the litany of injuries Frankie had sustained included three fractures in his left rear paw, a severe gunshot wound fracture of his right mandible, the lower jaw bone, and several gunshot pellets in his face. It was also discovered that Frankie had a healed, penetrating injury to his right cornea and cataracts in both eyes. It would appear the veterinarians at UC Davis had their work cut out for them.
Over the next seven months, they would slowly nurse Frankie back to health with some routine procedures and one very cutting-edge procedure to give Frankie a new jaw.
The Dentistry and Oral Surgery Service at the VMTH had recently been collaborating with UC Davis biomedical engineers to develop a way of re-growing bone in dogs. The procedure had been successful in several dogs before Frankie, and UC Davis oral surgeons Frank Verstraete, B.V.Sc., Dr.Med.Vet., and Boaz Arzi, D.V.M., quickly determined that Frankie was an ideal candidate for the procedure.
Frankie’s right jaw had suffered severe damage from being shot. A large section of the bone was shattered. The surgeons removed the loose bone fragments and screwed a titanium plate into place on the remaining bone on each side of the removed area. A sponge-like chunk of material, soaked in a bone growth promoter known as bone morphogenetic protein, was then inserted into the space where the bone was removed. The growth-promoting protein stimulated Frankie’s remaining jaw bone to grow new bone cells, eventually filling the entire defect and integrating with the native bone.
Frankie will have the titanium plate in his jaw for the rest of his life.
“Titanium is lightweight and has elastic modulus and density close to that of bone. It is also bio-compatible, so in Frankie’s case it is not necessary to remove the plate,” Arzi says. “The new bone and the plate will adhere together as Frankie’s jaw strengthens.”
(To read about another dog that had similar surgery after a tumor was found in his jaw, click here.)
As for the bullet pellets in Frankie’s face, some of them will also remain.
“Bullet fragments in a body cavity need to be removed due to a possible secretion of lead into the system,” Arzi explains. “But, fragments embedded in muscle tissue, like the few remaining in Frankie’s face, are better left in place.”
Once Frankie’s face and paw were treated, he was taken to the VMTH Ophthalmology Service to have his cataracts addressed. It was determined that the cataract in Frankie’s left eye was so pronounced it had rendered him blind in that eye. The right cataract was minor and would not require surgery. In early April, Frankie underwent successful cataract surgery on his left eye; Kathryn Good, D.V.M., a diplomat of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmology, and Stephanie Moore, D.V.M., restored his sight.
“We were able to remove the cataract which was obstructing his vision in the left eye,” Good says. “When we examined Frankie the evening after his surgery, his left eye was open and comfortable, and already showing signs that vision was restored.”
“It was apparent right away that he could see on his left side,” Frankie’s new owner, Claudia, says. “He was observing things on that side that he never would have before, and he was no longer startled by being approached on his left side.”
Frankie returned to the VMTH in late April to have another examination of his eyes and face. His eye examination revealed that he had great vision in his left eye with normal eye pressure and no inflammation. An X-ray and CT scan of his jaw showed that new bone had completely filled the injured section. Frankie’s journey to health was complete, and he seemed eager to continue his new life with his new family.
Frankie has plenty of love in his new extended family. Claudia, her husband, John, and their four grandchildren – Arianna, her older brother 12-year-old Jeremiah, and cousins Kamryn, 11, and Miles, 8 – have all benefited in different ways from having Frankie in their lives. Jeremiah especially loves how affectionate Frankie is, and looks forward to cuddling with him after a long hard day at school. Miles, who has special needs, was once distrustful of dogs and now has formed quite a bond with Frankie. As for Kamryn, having another pet to look after is old hat to her. She and her mom have several animals of their own and also foster some dogs through a local rescue. Frankie certainly won’t be at a loss for new friends.
“We are very happy to see Frankie adopted out to such a great family,” Arzi says. “He certainly deserves it after all he’s been through.”
This article, written by Rob Warren of UC Davis Veterinary Medicine, was reprinted with minor changes and with the permission of the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. Frankie’s veterinary care was paid for by Scooter’s Pals Dog Rescue, his new owner and UC Davis.