Good Question! AKC established the AKC Foundation Stock Service® (AKC FSS®) in 1995 as a recording service for individuals and breed clubs to maintain the registration and pedigree information for breeds not currently recognized by AKC.
Over the years, working with the dedicated breeders of rare and developing breeds seeking AKC recognition has been rewarding as well as challenging. The fanciers are enthusiastic and passionate about their breeds wishing to maintain the integrity of the breed as its reflected in its country of origin.
The acceptance of breeds into AKC FSS allows people to come and play in AKC events. Once the breed has been accepted into FSS they can participate in all companion events and breed-specific performance events.
I am thrilled with the overwhelming enthusiasm to participate. In 2013 individuals owning AKC FSS breeds competed in a myriad of AKC events earning a total of 1,324 titles, including MACH titles as well as a Certificate of Merit 14.
In fact, competitors with 16 FSS breeds will be eligible to participate in the 2014 AKC Agility Invitational in Orlando this December.
The Road to Recognition
Any individual or breed club may apply to be an FSS breed. The breed must be either a recognized breed in a country that AKC recognizes the registry for the breed or if a domestic breed, having been established for at least four decades with a registry that AKC will accept.
First steps include a filling out a questionnaire, detailing breed’s history, create a breed standard and submit photos for staff for review. The group in which the breed will ultimately be eligible to compete will be determined at the time of acceptance. This is based upon history and function of the breed. For example, if the breed’s history includes being a dog that assists with moving livestock, the breed would be designated in the Herding Group.
Once the breed is accepted and a minimum of one dog is enrolled, the breed is eligible to compete in the companion events of obedience, AKC Rally, agility, tracking and the coursing ability test. If the breed is eligible for a performance event, FSS dogs may compete in breed-specific tests. For example a breed with a Herding classification will be eligible to compete in Herding Tests.
The next steps towards full recognition will require the following:
- • Establishment and acceptance of a national breed club representing the breed
- • Increase the number of FSS-enrollees to a minimum of 150 dogs with three-generation pedigrees
- • Reformat the breed standard to be consistent with the format required.
- • If all of the above is established, then the breed may request to move into the Miscellaneous Class.
Once an FSS breed moves into the Miscellaneous Class at AKC events it helps to introduce the breed to AKC Judges and other exhibitors, introduce the owners, breeders and exhibitors of the breed to AKC Conformation events and clubs and gives owners an opportunity to compete to earn the Certificate of Merit (CM) title.
The final steps include:
- • Competing in the Miscellaneous Class for a minimum of one year
- • Parent club members earning a minimum of 5 CM titles on dogs
- • The club must demonstrate that it is conducting business in accordance with its constitution and by-laws.
- • The number of dogs enrolled must reach 300 dogs with three-generation pedigrees.
- • The club must also host a minimum of two Open Shows for FSS and Miscellaneous Class breeds.
After a parent club has met all the criteria, its application for full recognition is brought before the AKC Board of Directors for a final vote. Once accepted into the AKC Registry, a date is selected in which that breed can compete for championship points towards the champion title and Group competition at dog shows. If you are interested in learning more about the breeds in the AKC Foundation Stock Service or how a breed becomes recognized please do not hesitate to contact me.
You can reach me at firstname.lastname@example.org